Disarmament Demobilization Reintegration

MISSION

The United Nations Security Council through Resolution 2301 (2016) has mandated the DDR Section to support the Central African Government in the development and implementation of the disarmament demobilization reintegration and repatriation (DDRR) and Community violence reduction (CVR) programmes.

BACKGROUND

Pursuant to the Agreement between the Transitional Government and the armed groups on the principles of DDRR and of integration into the uniformed State forces of the Central African Republic signed on 10 May 2015, it was decided to implement an inclusive stabilization, peace-building and recovery process aimed at disarming and demobilizing thousands of combatants and initiating reintegration programmes to enable them to obtain decent employment or income-generating activities.

It is in this context that MINUSCA has designed and developed the Pre-DDR (Cash for Work and Income Generating Activities) programme gradually implemented in nine municipalities as well as the CVR project in Ouham Pende, precisely in Paoua, and in Bangui. In addition, and in line with its mandate (Resolution 2301/2016), MINUSCA DDR supports the Government in the preparation and future implementation of the national DDRR programme. A DDR pilot project, which involves 560 combatants from different armed groups, was officially launched on 30 August 2017. 

ACHIEVEMENTS

  • PRE-DDR

A transitional measure for the stabilization and restoration of the security in sensitive areas to offer alternatives to violence to elements of armed groups.

Pre-DDR operations were implemented from October 2015 to June 2017, pending the launch of the national DDRR programme. Pre-DDR is an innovative programme that offers alternatives to resorting to violence to elements of armed groups who agree to voluntarily disarm and participate in community-based activities. A local committee in charge of the pre-DDR, usually led by the Prefect or its delegate, is set up in each municipality.

Pre-DDR operations have already engaged 4.324 combatants (3.587 men and 737 women): 168 in Birao, 196 in Bossangoa, 318 in Ndele, 409 in Bouar, 440 in Bambari, 778 in Kaga-Bandoro, 981 in Bria, 3 in Bangassou, in addition to the 1.031 cantoned in the three camps of Bangui (Beal, BSS and RDOT).

Pre-DDR has contributed to the creation of a safe and secure environment for the presidential and legislative elections in 2016, the reduction of violence and crime in the municipalities concerned, the revival of economic activities and small commerce through the money injected into the communities as well as a better awareness on peace and social cohesion.

With the launch of the DDRR pilot project in August 2017, pre-DDR is evolving from short-term cash-for-work activities to longer-term income-generating projects.

  • CVR PROJECT

An opportunity for members of the armed groups and members of their communities to reinforce security, social cohesion and the revival of socio-economic activities

CVR is currently being implemented in accordance with the DDR mandate in Ouham Pende (Paoua) and in Bangui, the capital. The objective of this programme is to (i) support members of the different armed groups who may not be eligible for the National DDRR Programme as well as members of their communities, (ii) promote social cohesion and strengthen inter- and intra-community dialogue in high-risk areas to contribute to stabilization, restoration of security and revival of activities in targeted areas.

Paoua: Together with IOM, the implementing partner, the project aims to support 7.000 beneficiaries, including 4.200 elements from armed groups and 2.800 community members. 

The Paoua CVR project is funded by the United Nations Peacebuilding Fund.  

Bangui: On 28 November 2016, MINUSCA DDR and the National Coordination for DDR/SSR/National Reconciliation have officially launched the CVR project in Bangui and its surroundings. The aim of this project is to support the self-defense groups at PK5, the ex-Séléka from the three camps in Bangui (Béal, BSS and RDOT), the Anti-Balaka and members of their communities. The project is targeting a total of 300 beneficiaries. The project activities include vocational training, social cohesion and strengthening of community dialogue mechanisms. Six NGOs were recruited to train beneficiaries in different areas, such as welding, mechanics, carpentry, masonry, electricity, driving, trade, IT and sewing. FAO was contracted to handle the agriculture and livestock sectors. 

  • DDR PILOT PROJECT

At the request of President Touadéra and to build confidence pending the commencement of the future national DDRR programme, MINUSCA supported the launch of the pilot project for 560 elements of the armed groups (40 from each armed group), half of which will be integrated in the Central African Armed Forces (FACA) and the other half will be referred to community reintegration programmes. This project was launched in Bangui on August 30, 2017, by the President of the Republic Archangel Touadéra and will be extended to seven other municipalities in the country. During the disarmament and demobilization week in Bangui (from 30 August to 7 September 2017), 29 ex-combatants, including one woman, have been disarmed and 109 ex-combatants, including six women, have been disarmed and demobilized. Eighty-six military weapons (19 functional, 67 non-functional), 14 traditional weapons, 383 munitions, 31 grenades, 1 rocket launcher and 12 mortars were collected. This project aims at building trust and establishing a solid foundation for the launch of the future DDRR programme. 

VIDEOS  

PICTURES

PUBLICATIONS 

PDF icon DDR Section Contribution to the Stabilization in the Central African Republic

PDF icon MINUSCA | DDR Section Review