Women peace and security

The armed conflict and insurgency that the Central African Republic has experienced over the past two decades has had a dramatic impact on Women and children, contributing to an increase in Gender needs on the ground country wide and at all levels.

Mandate of the Gender Section:

The mandate of the gender Section is defined by resolution 2217. Paragraph 40 of 2217 Requests MINUSCA to ensure the full and effective participation, involvement and representation of women in all spheres and at all levels, including in stabilization activities, security sector reform and DDR and DDR/R processes, as well as in the national political dialogue and electoral processes. The mandate is guided by Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security.

Mainstreaming mandate and integration of a gender perspective in peacekeeping operations

In terms of the mainstreaming mandate and integration of a gender perspective in peacekeeping operations, the Office of Gender Affairs operates on two strategic levels: the first is internal to MINUSCA and the second is external targeting governmental organs (legal and judicial professional, civil society (agencies, and NGO’s), public and private sectors, and professional associations etc. The Office of Gender Affairs is a focal point between  MINUSCA, National Institutions, civil society agencies, in particular women’s NETWORKS and NGO’s: Gender thematic group and, an through  bimonthly meetings.

Priorities of the Section

  • Internally (within MINUSCA)
    • Provide technical support and guidance to senior management for consideration of gender issues within the Mission;
    • Provide technical support and guidance to senior management for consideration of gender issues within the Mission;
    • Ensure gender is mainstreamed throughout  activities of the different sections and components of the mission.
  • Externally (in collaboration with government institutions, civil society and other technical and financial partners):
    • Improve knowledge of policy makers, development partners and communities on Resolution 1325 and other international, regional and national legal instruments related to the rights of women;
    • Support strategies, violence prevention and conflict management mechanisms within the framework of promoting local governance;
    • Increase the participation and representation of women and youth in conflict resolution and peace building process;
    • Increase  women's participation in national politics;
    • Promote the integration of gender in DDR and SSR programs

Key achievements

Contribution in support of the transition:

  • The Political process:
    • Support for the Organization of a Symposium and a political match.
    • Pre-workshop organized in May in preparation for the Political Forum with recommendations (with the African Union , UNFPA and Unwomen)
    • Establishment of an Ad-hoc Gender and elections Committee in support of women candidatesand political activists in the political process for the coming elections in November 2014 with representations from the political parties, the civil society, private and public institutions
    • Establishment of a National Data Base of competent women.
    • Support for the organization of a workshop for professionals of the media
    • Organization of a political Fora in May 2015
  • Protection and the reconciliation process:
    • Joint QIP projectfor cultural center for you and women in the 4 arrondissement (Bangui)
    • QIP projecton food security and IGA for women affected by the armed conflict in Km5, Banguiand Bria, in the Haute Kotto
    • Over 150 Women of camps Beal and BSS (civilians and ex-combatants) are benefiting from THIMO and Article 4(pre- DDR) through advocacy of the Gender Section;
  • Combating Sexual and Gender Based Violence:
    • Support to MINUSCA UNPOL for the establishment of women and child desks in two police stations of Bangui (2ieme and 8ieme arrondissements)

Advocacy

  • Advocacy for NON Food Items for 500 household returnees in Bria and Ndele(in coordination with the International Federation of the Red cross and the Central African Red Cross)Advocacy for Drugs, mosquito nets and treatments in support of the work of Justice and Corrections in Bangui (for inmates in Bimbo and Ngaraba);
  • Advocacy for Drugs, mosquito nets and treatments for cantoned ex-combatants in Camps Beal/BSS and the deployment of medical practitioners and other medical personnel to provide medical care to women, children and men the aforementioned campson voluntary basis;

Security Sector Reform:

  • Capacity building the FACA on Gender and Sexual Based Violence (June 2015)
  • Promotion of Gender equality and women, peace and security agenda:
  • Support for the development of the law on Gender Parity(2012)
  • Support for the development of a National Plan of Action (2013) for the implementation of UNSCR 1325 on Women, Peace and Security and lunching of the later(March 2014)
  • Support to the revision of the electoral code to make it gender sensitive (2013
  • Establishment  of Gender Mainstreaming Focal Points for the Mission with a TOR in place
  • Training and Rollout of the Gender mainstreaming guidelines on implementing a gender perspective in DPKO peacekeeping operations for sector commandersofMIUNSCA(May 2015);
  • Capacity building for UNCT Gender Thematic Group and MINUSCA Gender Mainstreaming Focal Points on Resolution 1325, Gender and SGBV etc (march 1015)