The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) was established by Security Council resolution 2149 of 10 April 2014. However, the Mission started to implement its mandate following the transfer of authority between MISCA and MINUSCA on 15 September 2014. Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the Security Council authorized MINUSCA to take all necessary means to carry out its mandate, within its capabilities and its areas of deployment, through its troop and police components.
In line with resolution 2127 of the Security Counci; MINUSCA Police’s priority tasks focus on:
- Protection of civilians;
- Extension of State authority;
- Support the development of capacities of national security forces;
- Protection of United Nations personnel and installations;
- Temporary urgent to maintain basic law and order and fight impunity.
Faced with a serious socio-political crisis marked by intercommunal violence between Ex-Seleka and Anti-Balaka elements, the CAR was plagued by weak State authorities and high criminality due to the proliferation of weapons, including machine guns and grenades. The protection of civilians was therefore a key challenge.
MINUSCA police initially deployed in Bangui amid a worrying security situation. In October 2014, serious inter-communal violence erupted in Bangui, less than a month after the transfer of authority. In addition to civilian casualties, one MINUSCA peacekeeper was killed and eleven others were injured by a grenade attack during that period.
To date, the security situation in Bangui remains fragile but more quiet thanks to day and night patrols in all sectors of the capital, check points, targeted operations as well as other actions which resulted in the arrest of alleged criminals and helped protect populations at risk. Civilians can go about their daily live safely, children can go back to school and there has been a resumption of economic activities in Bangui.
Going forward, key challenges include stabilizing the security situation, continuing police deployment to ensure a wider presence across the country, supporting the restoration of state authority, assisting in the implementation of the Bangui Forum agreement, providing security for the electoral process as well as supporting of the capacity development CAR’s police and gendarmerie.
COMPOSITION OF MINUSCA POLICE
In line with its mandate, the activities of MINUSCA’s police component are two-fold: operational support and support for the capacity development of national security forces.
At the operational level, MINUSCA police has established four sectors: Bangui, West sector, East sector and Centre sector.
In the capital Bangui, which is the siege of Government institutions, a joint headquarters composed of troops and police officers under Police command was established. The goal was to set up a single command structure to ensure coordinated and effective action to put an end to inter-communal violence and combat criminality. It is an unprecedented arrangement in UN peacekeeping.
MINUSCA police is composed of individual police officers as well as Formed Police Units (FPUs).